IIT Ropar develops air nano bubble technology that can reduce water usage in textile sector by 90%
The Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar on Saturday said it has developed an innovative green technology -- air nano bubble -- that can reduce the usage of water in the textile sector by up to 90 per cent."Textile is one of the most water-intensive industries and there is an escalating need to address the problem of managing water usage in the textile industry associated with contamination of water.
Neelkanth Nirmalkar, who has developed this technology, said as per rough estimate, 200-250 litres of water is required to process one kg of cotton fabric.
The laboratory reports suggest that the air nano bubble dispersed in water can reduce the water consumption and chemical dosage by 90-95 per cent which ultimately saves 90 per cent of the energy consumption as well, Nirmalkar claimed.
In the textile industry, water is used at many steps required for fabric preparation, including for dyeing, finishing chemicals in textile substrates, desizing (process of removal of sizing material from yarn), scouring, bleaching, and mercerising (chemical treatment of fabric to enhance affinity towards dye, the statement said.
At the same time, the textile industry also produces the highest volume of waste water. The major source of water pollution is pre-treatment, dyeing, printing, and finishing of textile materials, it said.
"The technology is based on nano bubbles of air and ozone. The bubbles are hydrophobic in nature therefore, interact better than water with the fabric and distribute chemicals and dyes in the fabric much more efficiently than just water," Nirmalkar said.
These bubbles are of a size equivalent to 1/10000th times of human hair. Ozone nano bubbles efficiently remove extra dye during fabric wash and degrade the dye in the water, said Nirmalkar, who is an assistant professor at chemical engineering department of IIT, Ropar.
Besides saving water consumption, water after processing with a nano bubble machine can be reused. Nano bubble serves as a carrier for the processing chemical and reduces the extra chemical required, he said.
IIT Ropar has developed the eco-friendly technology under a start-up named NanoKriti Pvt Limited, which is also working towards cleaning environment and is expanding in developing new applications ranging from water treatment to healthcare.
Nanokriti Private Limited is a 4 months 25 days old Private Company incorporated on 13 Sep 2022. Its registered office is in Rupnagar, Punjab, india.
The Company's status is Active. It's a company limited by shares having an authorized capital of Rs 1.00 lakh and a paid-up capital of Rs 1.00 lakh as per MCA.
2 Directors are associated with the organization. Neelkanth Nirmalkar and Veena Nirmalkar are presently associated as directors.
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