Resettlement Induced by Dams in China
Massive economic construction in China has caused millions of involuntary resettlars. Of it, the
resettlement induced by dams attracted much attention. The paper first reviews the relevant policies, laws
and regulations of land acquisition, demolition, relocation and resettlement in different periods.
Especially it points out the changes on approval limit and compensation standard. It also describes main
policies respectively from the aspects of general and sector special policies, policies in practice and
special policies for projects, particularly the new policies on reservoir resettlars. Later, the paper
introduces the relevant institutions set for resettlement in China, so as well the general four resettlement
implementation phases. Further, the paper compared the involuntary resettlement policies of the World
Bank with those of China. As a case, the paper talks about Three Gorges Dam Project on its key
resettlement policies, progress and effectiveness. At last the paper summarized China’s experience of
success in the past decades and also, drew the lessons from the failures.