An Analysis of Fluoride Contamination in Global Groundwater (White Paper)
An Analysis of Fluoride Contamination in Global Groundwater
Fluoride is a mineral that can be found in seawater, oceans, and groundwater which is the main source of drinking water in many parts of the world and, therefore, is the main source of fluoride ingestion. Fluoride pollution in groundwater in the past few decades has gained significance, mainly because of its dual impact on living beings, i.e., the small intake of fluoride is necessary for teeth whereas the excess amount of it is consumed, then a very painful incurable disease called fluorosis occurs which directly affects the teeth, bones, and muscles.
The risk of fluorosis increases with increase in the concentration of fluoride beyond 1.5 ppm. Several factors contribute to environmental and natural factors associated with high fluoride levels in the groundwater. Until now it has not received enough attention to this problem. The aim of this study was to assess the fluoride content and its contamination around the globe, and also methods of disposal and reuse of fluorides.
KEYWORDS : Ingestion, contamination, groundwater, detection, measurement, fate, disposal, global fluoride data, fluorosis