How a GWT RO Desalination Plant Helped Municipalities Ensure a Reliable Drinking Water Supply
As we have mentioned in some of our previous article on the topic of water scarcity; water scarcity is not the same in different parts of the world. Namely, there are two types of scarcity: physical and economic.
How has a GWT RO desalination plant helped municipalities to ensure drinking water for its population challenged by water scarcity? We will discuss the answer to this question below.
Physical scarcity could be vividly illustrated as akin to walking through a desert with no water. There is no water within miles or kilometers in any direction. More realistically, it’s a country with few to none of their own surface water or groundwater sources and little annual rainfall. Without receiving this water supply from elsewhere, they would not be able to self sustain the needs of their population. This is happening in northern and southern Africa, a majority of the middle east, parts of northern and southern Asia, the drier parts of Australia, the United States, and Mexico, and small portions in eastern and western South America. Physical scarcity also happens seasonally during drought periods in some places.
In these instances of physical scarcity, is where an RO desalination plant using either a beach well or seawater source can be a suitable solution to ensure that the potable water supply needs of the population are met.
Economic scarcity cannot really be exemplified with a simple anecdote. It is what happens in countries with polluted waterways and no treatment facilities or countries with water sources but no infrastructure. There may be annual floods or droughts that the people have no way to fully prepare for. A lot of this type of scarcity stems from a lack of money and/or a lack of governmental stability or consideration. The majority of economic scarcity is happening in a wide spectrum across central Africa from the western to the eastern coast. It’s also seen in northern India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar in Asia. Most of Central America, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and certain other Caribbean and South American nations including Peru are also afflicted. In some cases, it happens following catastrophic events like hurricanes, earthquakes, and other natural disasters, or man made disasters like in Flint, Michigan.
Read the full Case Study in the link below.