Scientists Have Discovered a Sea of Fresh Water Under the Ocean (Science Report)

Scientists Have Discovered a Sea of Fresh Water Under the Ocean (Science Report)

In his article for Quartz, Michael J. Coren writes about the exciting research conducted in the most hidden places on Earth - or shall we say, beneath it all...

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Representative image source: Pixabay, labeled for reuse

Thousands of years ago, glaciers covered much of the planet. Oceans receded as the water froze in massive sheets of ice blanketing the North American continent. As the ice age ended, glaciers melted. Massive river deltas flowed out across the continental shelf. The oceans rose, and fresh water was trapped in sediments below the waves. Discovered while drilling for oil offshore in the 1970s, scientists thought these “isolated” pockets of fresh water were a curiosity. They may instead prove to be a parched world’s newest source of fresh water.

As told in the latest issue of the peer-reviewed journal Scientific Reports, scientists from Columbia University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution spent 10 days on a research ship towing electromagnetic sensors from New Jersey to Massachusetts. By measuring the way electromagnetic waves traveled through fresh and saline water, researchers mapped out fresh-water reservoirs for the first time.

It turns out the subterranean pools stretch for at least 50 miles off the US Atlantic coast, containing vast stores of low-salinity groundwater, about twice the volume of Lake Ontario. The deposits begin about 600 ft (183 m) below the seafloor and stretch for hundreds of miles. That rivals the size of even the largest terrestrial aquifers.

Read the full article on Quartz

Reference:

Chloe Gustafson, Kerry Key & Rob L. Evans, "Aquifer systems extending far offshore on the U.S. Atlantic margin", Scientific Reportsvolume 9, June 2019, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44611-7