How can trade benefit an increasingly water scarce world?
Contribution to International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
by Kate Ziemba of Bren School of Environmental Sciences and Management at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)
related to this, see also:
Steen-Olsen, K., Weinzettel, J., Cranston, G., Ercin, A.E. and Hertwich, E.G. (2012) Carbon, land, and water footprint accounts for the European Union: Consumption, production, and displacements through international trade, Environmental Science and Technology, 46(20): 10883-10891.
Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9): 3232-3237.
Fader, M., Gerten, D., Thammer, M., Heinke, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Lucht, W. and Cramer, W. (2011) Internal and external green-blue agricultural water footprints of nations, and related water and land savings through trade, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1641-1660.
Aldaya, M.M., Allan, J.A. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade, Ecological Economics, 69(4): 887-894.
Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The global component of freshwater demand and supply: An assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products, Water International 33(1): 19-32.
Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., and Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Water saving through international trade of agricultural products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 10(3): 455-468.
available at: http://www.waterfootprint.org/Reports/Chapagain_et_al_2006.pdf