Removing turbidity of drinking water used to be taken from open surface ponds in Rural Areas "is there are effective ways"

Most of the rural areas in the "Development countries", the rural communities depend on the surface water such as irrigation channels or surface open ponds for their drinking and other domestic uses. Towards the end of the cultivation season water supply in the irrigation channels is occluded, then the water became shallow and turbid, and by the end of rainy season the remaining water in the surface which collected in surface depressions (open ponds) becomes depleted too by vaporization, and then the both of water sources ultimately becomes turbid and contaminated, which constitutes a hazard for rural inhabitants.

This warrants upgrading water quality through purification, decreases of turbidity, and removal of pathogens.


The turbidity of the surface water is resulted when the rain water running across the surface of the ground, through this running courses towards the surface depressions to form the surface open ponds it's picks up many substances such as suspension materials , collided materials ,minerals ,salts ,organic and inorganic materials ,all these added materials causes the turbidity of water ,This turbidity provided a perfect medium and adsorption site for the chemicals , organic and biological reactions resulting the aesthetically and undesirable tastes and odor ,also the turbid water provides a perfect medium for the growth of all type of microorganisms and pathogens which is responsible for causing the people the majority of diseases and infection ,