Biological Treatment of Wastewater from Pyrolysis Plant Effect of Organics Concentration, Temp & pH

Biological Treatment of Wastewater from Pyrolysis Plant Effect of Organics Concentration, Temp & pH

Biological Treatment of Wastewater from Pyrolysis Plant Effect of Organics Concentration, pH and Temperature

Luca Di Palma, Irene Bavasso, Mauro Capocelli, Paolo De Filippis, Vincenzo Piemonte

Abstract:

The biological treatment of the aqueous residue produced during poplar wood pyrolysis was investigated. The biological treatment experiments were carried out at two different pH conditions (controlled at 7, uncontrolled) in batch mode at three different temperatures (15 °C, 25 °C and 30 °C) and initial total organic carbon of the water ranging from 800 mg/L to 2800 mg/L. Results show that a substantial removal of organic carbon could be achieved in aerobic conditions after biomass acclimation. After 72 h of treatment, total organic carbon (TOC) removal mean values of 49.47% and 53.03% were observed at 30 °C for solution at 1400 and 2000 mg/L initial TOC, respectively. In the case of 1400 mg/L, a further mineralization (61.80%) was achieved during 144 h of treatment, by using a two-step process. A kinetic study of the process was also made, showing that organics mineralization followed a first-order kinetic model. 

Keywords: pyrolysis; liquid residue; biological treatment; operative conditions; kinetics

Water 2019, 11(2), 336; DOI: 10.3390/w11020336

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technologies for Water Reuse: Current Status and Future Challenges)

Source: MDPI