Restrained socket joints are needed when the forces generated by the internal pressure are not to be absorbed by thrust blocks or when the pipes and fittings are still to have a degree of mobility or flexibility.
There are a number of different restraining systems. A variety of forces act on the pipeline and the resultant force arising from these has to be calculated.
Some examples of installed pipelines are described. A further application is in the field of trenchless installation and replacement techniques (see Chapter 22).
- Water Supply
- Water & Wastewater
- M S Pipeline Construction
- Pipes and Pipelines