Water Quality Technologies for the Sports-turf Industry

Professional sportsturf is a significant user of water. In Northern Europe this is not really an issue as much comes from rainfall, but legislation is tight regarding leachate quality and its treatment. In Southern Europe and arid countries low rainfall means that treated water is primarily used for irrigation but this can mean a high salt content with turfgrass quality issues and intense management resulting. What new technologies are being developed that can; 1. Simply and cost-effectively further improve the quality of TSE (treated sewage effluent) water? 2. Trap and cleanse nitrate dominant leachate at outfall location/s before discharge?