Efficient water desalination with graphene nanopores obtained using artificial intelligence(Nanowerk News) Providing fresh drinking water for ou...Efficient water desalination with graphene nanopores obtained using artificial intelligence
(Nanowerk News) Providing fresh drinking water for our society is a challenge that has persisted through multiple efforts. Though water covers 71% of earth’s surface, more than 2.5 billion people in the world lack access to fresh water at least once a month. For Amir Barati Farimani and his team, combatting this problem meant refining the desalination process, the removal of salt or ions that are not favorable to the human body.
“The ions are so tiny, and if you want to remove them, you need to either boil, evaporate, and condense the water, or push it through membranes full of very tiny pores,” explained Barati Farimani, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering.
The current desalination and separation process is very energy and time inefficient. To combat this, Barati Farimani and his team have researched using artificial intelligence (AI) agents to design an improved method in a week that would likely take decades.