REAL-TIME WATER QUALITY MONITORING: A TOOL TOWARDS BETTER WATER GOVERNANCE IN JORDAN

REAL-TIME WATER QUALITY MONITORING: A TOOL TOWARDS BETTER WATER GOVERNANCE IN JORDANJordan is considered to be one of the four poorest countries worldwide in water resources. The main challenge for the future is meeting the growing national water demand for the medium to long term and keeping the water sources quality out of any pollution sources. In this paper, the Jordan first experience regarding the real-time water quality monitoring systems which was established since year 2003 by Environment Monitoring Research Central Unit (EMARCU) at Royal Scientific Society (RSS) under the Higher Council for Science and Technology (HCST) umbrella is presented. The main hardware of the system consists of measuring sensors, a microcontroller, a wireless communication system, and database. It detects water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, electric conductivity, COD, turbidity and nitrate in a pre-programmed time interval. The gathered information is demonstrated in graphical and tabular formats through a customized web-based portal to better serve relevant end-users. To ensure the effectiveness and reliability of the real-time monitoring system, quality assurance, quality control and quality assessment procedures have been implemented. It was concluded that the real-time system has great prospect and can be practically used for environmental monitoring by providing stakeholders with relevant and timely information for sound decision making.